Kako napisati životopis
Najčešće je konkurencija za neki posao velika – mnogo kandidata prijavljuje se za jedno otvoreno radno mjesto. Kako poslodavca zainteresirati za sebe, prikazati mu svoje kvalitete, istaknuti se među mnogobrojnim kandidatima?
How to write a C.V.
Usually, the competition for a job is quite tough – many candidates apply for one vacant job position. So, what is the best way to get an employer interested, showcase all your qualities and distinguish yourself from numerous other candidates?
The process of selecting job candidates usually unfolds according to a routine sequence. First, the candidates submit their job applications and C.V.s to the employer's address who then, based on the documents received, selects a short list of candidates to be interviewed. Out of the candidates interviewed, the employer selects the candidate that he believes will meet the demands of the job the best. In some cases, the employer will also test the candidates' knowledge and skills. In order to enter the short list, you need to write your C.V. as well as possible and prepare for the interview to the best of your abilities.
We hope that the following texts will help you with this.
Curriculum vitae or résumé
A curriculum vitae (C.V.) is a concise, precise and well-written text based only on true facts, and which describes personal achievements in a professional and practical sense, previous work experience and specific knowledge, skills and characteristics that are of importance for applying for a certain job position. A C.V. emphasises the strengths of an individual, while downplaying personal shortcomings. Alongside job applications, a C.V. can also be requested in some other cases (e.g. for a scholarship application or for approving a certain project).
The main purpose of a C.V. is to serve as a tool for selecting those candidates that meet the desired requirements. While composing your C.V., bear in mind the employer that will be reading the C.V.s and job applications and deciding which candidates to invite for an interview on their basis. The employer might not even read some of the C.V.s, while giving great attention to others. It is in your best interest to write a C.V. that will be noticed by the employer – one that he will want to read in detail and one that will make him remember you. Remember – his impression of you will be formed by what he reads.
What should a C.V. contain?
In the following paragraphs, we will describe the information that usually enters a C.V. This information does not necessarily have to be divided into sections in the same way that is presented here. Our intention was to try to list all of the important information that a C.V. should contain, while it is up to you decide which information you will present, and the manner you will present it in.
Personal information encompasses your name and surname, address, phone number and e-mail address. This information has to be clearly written and correct. The name and surname provided should be identical to that in your identification documents, regardless of what people may usually call you. Your name should be located at a prominent position - one that distinguishes it from the rest of the C.V. The address and contact numbers should be provided in detail, making it easier for the employer to contact you regarding the results of your job application. If you are a student, provide both your home address and the address at which you reside at your place of study. If you are employed, provide both your home address and your work address. Provide your dial code along with your phone number. If you don't have a phone, arrange for someone to take your calls and provide the phone number of this person, while clearly stating that this is not your permanent number.
If you wish, you can also include other personal information in your C.V. – for example, your age or your marital status. However, in a civilised environment, this kind of information – together with information on nationality or religious affiliation – should not serve as the grounds for making a decision on whether to employ someone or not.
Information on completed education
In the segment on education, provide information on your secondary and tertiary education. It is good to also include information on participation in professional courses, seminars and summer schools. You can also include information on your participation in courses for acquiring specific knowledge and skills, such as foreign language courses or computer courses while, in some cases, it is also useful to indicate that you hold a driver's licence. Sometimes, it is good to list such information separately from formal education. When writing about your educational achievements, emphasise your GPA if it is good, or if so requested by the job advertisement. If you are applying for a job abroad, don't forget to stress that grades in Croatia range between 1 and 5, with 5 denoting the highest possible grade.
Awards and acknowledgments
If you received some kind of award or acknowledgment for your work, it would be good to state this information in a separate section – in this manner, even a reader that is skimming through the text will take note of it. List all of the awards you have received, and make sure to additionally highlight the most important of them. Don't forget that awards portray you in a positive light, even if they don't have much to do with the job position you are applying for.
Provide information on all the jobs that you performed. For each job, emphasise the name of the job position, the name and address of the organisation for which you worked, the period you spent at that job, the concrete tasks that you performed, the responsibilities you had and the promotions that you received. List all of the jobs that you performed: from volunteering work and freelancing to permanent job positions. It is important for the knowledge and skills you mastered at every job to be clearly evident, particularly when it comes to those that could be of use for the job you are applying for. Sometimes, you'll have the desire to clearly list all of the concrete things you did at a job and everything you learnt there...don't hesitate and feel free to write them all! However, make sure to satisfy conventional form by providing a chronological overview of your work history at one point in your C.V.
Interests and activities
Tell potential employers something about yourself – describe your interests, the activities you like to pursue in your free time, mention whether you are a member of any kind of organisation and whether you hold an important position in any of them. Whatever you write, it is important to stress how this is connected with the job you are applying for. Your interests and activities should demonstrate an affinity for the type of job position you are applying for, and that you possess characteristics that are desirable for this line of work.
It is desirable to provide the names of former employers or teachers that can testify that you performed your job well, or that you were a good student. If listing their names, make sure to feature between 2 and 5 of them. Write the titles of all your references and stress their importance – the most renowned and respected individuals usually have the greatest influence. Provide the names of the organisations that your references work for, their phone numbers and their e-mail addresses.